Positive Case of EIA Confirmed in Saskatchewan
On Feb. 17, 2021, positive equine infectious anemia (EIA) results were confirmed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency’s (CFIA) national reference laboratory for a horse located on a premises in the rural municipality of Kinistino, SK. For the full disease advisory, visit the Canadian Animal Health Surveillance System’s Disease Alerts Tool.
EIA, also known as “swamp fever,” is a viral disease of horses and other equids (i.e. donkeys, mules, and zebras) that causes recurrent episodes of fever, lethargy and destruction of red blood cells (anemia) and platelets (thrombocytopenia).
Most EIA-infected horses show no clinical signs of disease; however, they remain carriers of the virus for life and can be a source of infection for susceptible animals.
With neither cure nor vaccine in existence, veterinarians and researchers must supervise the equine infectious anemia virus closely to avoid widespread disease
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Equine infectious anemia (EIA)
Accredited Veterinarian's Manual - 8.4 Equine Infectious Anemia (Updated June 2018)
Equine Infectious Anemia Disease Control Program - A Report on the Recommendations of the EIA Program Working Group
Animal Health Compensation - What to expect when an animal is ordered destroyed
Canadian Animal Health Surveillance System (CAHSS)
Alberta Veterinary Medical Association
Horse Journals - Understanding the Threat of EIA
SK Horse Federation - EIA in Saskatchewan, Key Facts about Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)
The Veterinary Journal - Serologically silent, occult equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) infections in horses
The Veterinary Journal - Examining the stable door after the horse has bolted: Why is EIA such a challenge?
US Equine Disease Communication Center - CURRENT EQUINE DISEASE OUTBREAK ALERTS
US Department of Agriculture - Equine Infectious Anemia Surveillance Information
Equine Veterinary Journal - Equine infectious anaemia in Europe: Time to re-examine the efficacy of monitoring and control protocols?
Worms & Germs Blog, promoting safe pet ownership - Equine Infectious Anemia: New info sheet